COVID-19 Temporary Wage Subsidy Scheme


The Temporary Wage Subsidy Scheme (TWSS) is designed to help employers keep their staff on the payroll during the COVID-19 crisis. Introduced on 26 March 2020, the scheme was initially due to conclude in June 2020, but has since been extended until the end of August 2020.

Qualifying criteria

  • Employers must self-declare to Revenue that they have experienced significant negative economic disruption due to Covid-19.

  • There must be a minimum of 25% decline in turnover for Q2 2020 and an inability to pay normal wages and other outgoings, in accordance with Revenue guidance.

  • Employers must retain their employees on payroll (regardless of whether the employee is working full-time, part-time, reduced hours or not working at all).

  • The scheme applies both to employers who top-up employees’ wages and to those who are not in a position to do so.

  • The scheme applies only to employees on payroll from 29 February 2020, and for whom a payroll submission has already been made to Revenue in the period 1 February 2020 to 15 March 2020.

  • It is important to note that for employees to be applicable to enter the scheme, they must have been on the payroll submission in January and February 2020 for payment. The amount of TWSS that an employer can claim will be based on their average weekly net pay from this period of nine insurable weeks.

Benefit in kind, pensions, and notional pay

For the duration an employee is placed on the TWSS, any pension contributions, benefit in kind, or notional pay will default to nil. Employers will need to confirm with the employee if they wish to keep their benefits and any deductions from their payroll. Employers must have in place a sufficient ‘top up’ to cover the benefits, as they cannot be processed only on the TWSS amount on the payroll. The payments are only deferred not cancelled and will need to be later reconciled on the payroll if processed as nil during the inclusion on the scheme.

Phases of the TWSS

Transitional phase: Operational between 26 March and 3 May.

  • Employers received €410 per employee regardless of the correct figures the employer submitted to Revenue on the payroll submission under PRSI class J9.

  • In many cases the payment exceeded the entitled subsidy amount the employee was to receive from the employer. Revenue will perform a reconciliation for the employer to repay the overpaid amount that had been paid for the employees.

Operational phase: Operational from 4 May to 31 August; this is expected to be the final phase of the TWSS.

  • The operational phase operates based on the exact figures payable to each employee, based on their income from Jan/Feb 2020; Revenue's calculations may produce a lower than expected figure.

  • The calculated figures are produced on the employer's Revenue account on a csv file, which can be downloaded and imported to the employer's payroll. The payment for each employee is based on a tiered approach.

TWSS rates

  • For employees with an average weekly net pay below €412.00 the TWSS is equal to 85% of wages. The employer can top-up by 15% of the average weekly net pay.

  • For employees with an average weekly net pay between €412 and €500 the TWSS is €350 per week.

  • For employees with an average weekly net pay between €500 and €586 the TWSS is equal to 70% of wages. The employer can top-up the difference.

  • For employees with an average weekly net pay between €586 and €960 the subsidy must not exceed €350 a week.

  • A tiered system was introduced on 16 April for employees with an average weekly net pay greater than €960, or where their annual gross salary exceeds €76,000, who have now taken a reduced salary. Terms and conditions of salary percentage decrease applies to qualify for the €350 and €205 weekly subsidies. There is no subsidy applicable to an employee if their net pay remains over €960 per week.

  • The new rates applicable from 4 May will not be backdated.

  • Employers may not be in a financial position to top-up their employees' pay while in receipt of the TWSS due to insufficient income. Employers are not required to pay top-ups in order to qualify for the TWSS. They will need to enter at least €0.01 to run payroll correctly to Revenue.

Taxing the TWSS

  • Employees are not liable to pay tax on the TWSS payment in real time; upon payment it is treated as a non-taxable payment. However Revenue will reconcile employee taxes at the end of the 2020 tax year and will provide employees with a statement of their tax liability.

  • The employer PRSI rate is reduced to 0.5% of the employer top-up amount – which is in result of the employee PRSI class J9 in operation for the scheme.

  • The employer top-up under the TWSS is gross pay; this is a taxable payment. However, tax refunds (PAYE, USC) may occur due to the gross pay top-up being lower than usual. This is because employee tax allowances may be greater than the gross pay by the employer. No employee PRSI is paid on gross pay while J9 PRSI is applied to their payroll.

  • Employers are advised to communicate this with their employees to ensure they set aside tax refunds to cover any liable amounts due at the end of the tax year.

  • Employees at the end of the year may have the option to pay liable taxes in full or offset their tax liability to claimed health expenses or from future tax allowances in the next tax year to minimise hardship. Revenue will confirm at a later date how the liability will be returned to them.

Maternity and adoptive leave

Employees returning from maternity or adoptive leave – they are expected to be eligible employees from 12th June 2020 and once re-hired can claim the TWSS once their PUP claim has been ceased with DEASP.

Further information is available on Revenue's website.

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